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     The Trabuco was an ancient war weapon that was used in the middle age. The old war machine functioned by firing projectiles from a distance to cause destructions to the opponents. The missiles involved consisted of mostly large stones, fireballs and in some instances dead infected bodies. The distance covered by projectiles depended on the size of the Trabuco where the large ones would hurl up to 800 meters away. Again, they would fire loads of up to 140 pounds which was still determined by the size of the Trabuco.


About the Trabuco Usage

The Trabuco which is also known as the balancing Trabuco is made similarly to the catapult. What’s more, the Trabuco uses the sling technique or catapult to fire projectiles. The Chinese initiated the invention of the Trabuco at around 400BC. The ancient machine worked by converting potential energy into kinetic energy to effectively fire shots. However, some of the energy dissipated in the form of friction and gravity. Moreover, the counterweight is directly proportional to the speed and impact of the projectile.

The ancient machine was easy to construct which made it easy for troops to acquire. However, the usage posed challenges since it also required many people to work in synchrony to achieve and launch a projectile effectively. Consequently, the difficulty in coordinating the number of people led to the abandonment of the machine till a modified form of Trabuco was developed. They were further classified as the balancing Trabuco and traction Trabuco where the latter was the much-developed that used a counterweight instead of humans.

Furthermore, the Europeans adopted the war machine at around 600 AD where they used it for about 300 years before the invention of gunpowder. Notably, Trabuco was also used in riots among the Christians and Muslims during the religious wars. Again, its mechanism was highly borrowed in the innovation of modern day artillery that was used in the World War I and World War II. To this present day the Trabuco is still in use but in the education sector to explain physics and also recreational purpose in remembrance of the historic machine.

An aggressive new political action committee would dearly like to send packing four Republican incumbent California members of Congress in 2018. Achieving this would be another step in reversing a Supreme Court decision that has wreaked havoc on the American political system.

The California four are Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Costa Mesa), Rep. Mimi Walters (R-Irvine), Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-Alpine) and Rep. Darrell Issa (R-Vista).

The new PAC is End Citizens United, a group formed in 2015 to counter a 2010 Supreme Court decision that unleashed unlimited amounts of dark money into U.S. elections, including shiploads of cash from multi-national corporations and greedy billionaires who believe their money allows them to seed government with personal puppets.

Since the conservative-controlled Supreme Court decided that “corporations are people” and that “money is free speech,” a dire situation of illicit campaign contributions has eroded the very idea of American democracy as intended by our Founding Fathers.

End Citizens United began operations in 2015 using a grassroots model to raise $25 million for the 2016 election cycle. It appealed to ordinary American citizens, millions of whom feel they’re increasingly being cut-off from their right to select leaders of their choice.

In quick fashion, hundreds of thousands of citizens made donations that averaged just $14 each. After hauling in $25 million for 2016, End Citizens United is expected to pull and astounding $35 million ahead of the 2018 midterm elections. The robust response to the stated goal of ECU – ultimately overturning the 2010 Supreme Court decision – has obviously struck a chord.

ECU Executive Director Tiffany Muller said the four California Congresspersons are part of a group her organization calls the “Big Money 20.” These Senators and Representatives have demonstrated egregious and unscrupulous behavior in accepting campaign cash from corporations and billionaires — and then shaping U.S. policy accordingly as payback for financial campaign support, Muller said.

Muller also noted that Rep. Duncan Hunter is currently under investigation for questionable use of campaign funds. And Rep. Darrell Issa’s campaign coffers are bloated with cash courtesy of the telecom industry. Muller thinks it’s high-time the American electorate takes action and wrestles back power from Big Money interests to elect Congressional legislators who will serve the needs of average Americans.

End Citizens United would dearly love to flip the U.S. House from Republican control to Democrat control in the 2018 midterms. Getting rid of the four California Republicans – which ECU believes are particularly vulnerable – will be a big part of the effort.

Until Democrats can take control of at least one House of Congress, efforts to undue the disastrous 2010 Supreme Court ruling will be stalled – because Republicans tend to benefit more from the influence of corporate cash.

End Citizens United’s Social Media:

Knowing you are a good candidate for plastic surgery can help you see how important scheduling a pre-surgery consultation with a board-certified plastic surgeon is to your surgery’s success. Rod J. Rohrich, MD, FACS, is one of America’s best plastic surgeons with whom you can make a well-informed surgery planning decision, whether you are considering lower lid blepharoplasty, rhinoplasty, or facial rejuvenation. Taking the first step to reap the benefits of a well-planned surgery starts today.

Who is Dr. Rod Rohrich?

Until you have contacted the Dallas-based plastic surgeon with the knowledge and skills he has used to rejuvenated his patients’ body image and enhanced their self-esteem, you really have not taken the first step to determine what options are right for you.

If you are like other good candidates for plastic surgery, scheduling a consultation with Dr. Rohrich is a easy as chatting with your family and friends. While many of his many satisfied patients know him as one of the most popular experts in his field, many of his enthusiastic students at UT Southwestern know him as the Professor of Plastic Surgery.

Dr. Rohrich specializes in…

  • Breast augmentation
  • Rhinoplasty
  • Facial rejuvenation
  • lower lid blepharoplasty
  • Skin tightening
  • Labiaplasty
  • Noninvasive fat removal
  • Dermal fillers
  • Liposuction
  • And, much more

Moreover, he has been featured on popular TV shows: The Oprah Winfrey Show, Good Morning America, The View, and more.

It is the top-ranked plastic surgeon’s goal to provide his valued patients with outstanding professional healthcare and medical services available to assist each patient in making wise decisions about scheduling a cosmetic procedure or treatment.

To put it simply: Anyone who has scoured the web about cosmetic procedures and treatments knows what a pain finding an expert specializing in plastic surgery can be. Because he knows the search can be frustrating and tedious, Dr. Rohrich would like to help you if he can.

When you are searching for the best plastic surgeon with whom to discuss refreshing your face, lifting your breast, and/or rejuvenating your body, consider the expertise of Dr. Rod Rohrich in Dallas, Texas. To know more about him click here.

The world of plastic surgery gives people the chance to get their dream body. Or simply make a slight adjustment to a part of themselves which they feel uncomfortable about. For one Austin, Texas plastic surgeon helping people achieve their dream body is a passion built on expertise and trust.

For eight years, plastic surgeon Dr. Jennifer Walden has helped thousands of people through cosmetic surgery procedures. Her area of expertise includes face-lifts, eyelid lifts, breast augmentations, and rhinoplasties. Dr. Walden also performs liposuction procedures which helps patients remove stubborn areas of fat from their bodies.

Of the 8,100 certified plastic surgeons in America, only 10% are women. However, this fact works as an advantage for Dr. Jennifer Walden as 91% of cosmetic surgery patients are women. This allows female patients to have a level of comfort with Dr. Walden not normally associated in a doctor-patient relationship.

As a mother of two, Dr. Walden had seen her own body change. And this first-hand experience allows her to have a special sense of empathy and understanding for her patients. Making her patients feel comfortable, from the first consultation to the day of the procedure, is a priority for Dr. Walden.

Dr. Walden received her MD from the University of Texas Medical Branch. Following her residency, Dr. Walden obtained her fellowship at the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital in aesthetic surgery. After her fellowship, Dr. Walden remained in Manhattan and worked on the Upper East Side of the city.

In 2011, Dr. Walden returned to her native Austin, Texas and opened a private practice. In addition to her private practice, Dr. Walden also serves as a consultant for Sciton Inc., Ideal Implant, ThermiAesthetics, and Venus Concept.

In his article “Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey Continue Fight for Latino Rights after Pardoning of Joe Arpaio” (Release Fact, Sept., 2017,) (1) U.K. journalist Brian Harris recounts the harrowing arrest and detention of Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey, both executives for Village Voice media, publisher of the Phoenix New Times (PNT.) Larkin and Lacey were at the forefront of exposing the extensive violations of civil rights perpetrated by Sheriff Joe Arpio, six term Sheriff of Phoenix, Arizona’s Maricopa County. Learn more about Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin:

Arpaio, a dogged opponent of illegal immigration, had been accused of instructing his officers to racially profile people who appeared to be of Hispanic or Latino descent, targeting them for unwarranted traffic stops, workplace and home raids. The Sheriff’s reported treatment of the (justly or unjustly) incarcerated was particularly brutal.

Suicide by hanging appears to have been rampant; medical treatment woefully inadequate; reports of physical abuse, prevalent. In an article Lacey wrote for the PNT, he states: “Lawsuits charge that the sheriff has cultivated a “culture of cruelty…””(2)

In 2007 Arpaio set his sights on two of his loudest detractors. Larkin and Lacey had tirelessly taken Arpaio to task, writing and publishing numerous articles in the PNT. Arpaio obtained a subpoena for information regarding the PNT’s writers, readers and editors. Rather than retreat from the Sheriff’s threats, the PNT published an expose of the intimidation. It is here that things took an astounding turn. Read more: Michael Lacey | Facebook and Michael Lacey | Twitter

As Harris recounts: “On October 18, 2007, armed deputies from Arpaio’s infamous Selective Enforcement Unit showed up at the Phoenix-area homes of Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey… The men were taken away in unmarked SUVs with Mexican license plates and booked into separate jails–both of which were managed by Sheriff Arpaio.”(3)

Public outcry was swift and strong, and the men were released shortly after their arrest. The legal battle addressing the egregious abuse of power, however, took years of seeking justice for their illegal detention and violation of their First Amendment Rights.

It was not until 2012 that the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the men had been arrested without probable cause. They were awarded 3.7 million dollars from Maricopa County in 2013.

Larkin and Lacey have used the settlement to create the Frontera Fund, whose goal is to continue the fight against the abhorrent ideology Arpaio ingrained so deeply in Phoenix and beyond. The fund has supported nearly 30 organizations, from Arizona’s chapter of the ACLU to The Phoenix Immigrant Justice Project.

Their website includes numerous, valuable resources for immigrants of all type. To learn more about Frontera Funds goals and to lend support, visit:

Unnervingly, it seems justice will not be served to Arpio. A staunch supporter of Donald Trump, Arpaio was granted a Presidential Pardon by Trump regarding a conviction Arpaio received in 2017 for criminal contempt. Arpaio was found guilty of violating an injunction in 2013, that demanded he stop racially profiling Arizonans.

Whether you call it restoration, repair or renovation, these services can definitely transform the look of a house. The services can also help in making a house more functional as well as stable. The home is probably the most prized physical-asset for logical-minded individuals. This is the place where you spend the majority of your time as it offers protection from the elements as well as security from the people in your area. One of the best investments a homeowner can make is by putting his/her money back into the home. Home-renovation personifies this action to the fullest-degree, and it will surely payoff in the long-run.

Aloha Construction of Lake Zurich, Illinois, can handle all of your home projects. The company has only been around for about nine years, but it has the success of a company that’s been around for 20 years. This general-contracting company is bonded, is insured, and it has up to 250 employees. The range of repair services is immense because it can cover chimney repair, door installation, gutter repair, soffit installation, window fascia repair, stucco installation, roof cleaning, roof liner repair, kitchen deign, bathroom repair, flashing, masonry, window installation, waterproofing and many more. This only scratches the surface of what it can do in totality. Aloha Construction also specializes in roofing so much to where homeowners can choose from a wide array of roofing material. This includes metal, asphalt, clay and cedar shake. This also includes work for flat, sloped and steep roofs.

Can you name another company that is as progressive as Aloha Construction? Before any work is done, the company will give you a free property inspection. This thorough inspection will get straight to the root of the issue. All in all, Aloha Construction is leading by example, and it’s setting the benchmark in home-restorative services.

It’s not rare to hear about a billionaire giving away some of their money to a local charity. In the case of George Soros, he gave away a lot of his money. George Soros is billionaire hedge fund manager turned Democratic donor and philanthropist. He’s donated so much money; he’s earned the record of donating the most money to a single foundation.

The organization receiving the many multimillion-dollar donations is the Open Society Foundations. The only organization that’s bigger than Open Society Foundations is one founded by Bill and Melinda Gates. Despite his tremendous contributions to America, he’s often the target of conservative hate incidents.

Soros founded Open Society three decades ago. It’s the second-largest philanthropic organization based in America. It promotes democracy and advocates for human rights in over 100 countries. As America’s societal progression slowed and began reverting to less civilized times, Open Society began focusing a lot of its attention on a lot of domestic human-rights groups.

Open Society is the kind of organization that’s happy to help anyone or any movement that needs help. Even though it mainly focuses on political and social issues, it’s also aided in times of health crises. Particularly after Trump’s presidential victory, Soros donated millions to prevent the growing number of hate crimes.

For more details about Mr. Soros’s donations, the NY Times explained how his charitable contributions amounted to so much. Being an avid donor, he’s been donated between $800 and $900 million every year. As the years past, his contributions amounted to $18 billion.

One would think that a man of such kindness doesn’t have many enemies, but that would be wrong. Shortly after the 2016 elections, George Soros became a target for anyone opposing the leftist view. One group even accused him of trying to turn Ireland into a “pro-abortion country”.

The abuse and accusations don’t stop there. According to JPost, conservatives have continually targeted Mr. Soros. He’s also been accused of profiting from the Black Lives Matter and Antifa movements, playing both sides for his own enjoyment. He supposedly paid random women to accuse the Alabama Senate candidate, Roy Moore, of sexual assault. This abuse, while more intense than usual, is nothing new to Soros. He’s been a target of hate and scrutiny for decades; it comes with the territory. He’ll continue helping people despite the hate.


The Brown Agency is a talent and model agency formed in the spring of 2010, and launched in the summer of 2015. This agency was formerly Wilhelmia Austin and it acquired Heyman Talent-South. These were the region’s largest talent organizations, and this leveraged unique capabilities and strengths for the new agency. Nonetheless, it still includes the famous models of the Wilhelmina network. The agency grew quite quickly to become the only full-service agency in Austin, Texas. Since opening, they have models working for some of the most well-known and biggest brands. These include: Dell, Toyota, L’Oréal, Louis Vuitton, and many more. The Brown Agency truly shows their dedication to the industry by providing the most talented, inspiring, and beautiful to print, commercials, TV, runway, and film.

Justin Brown heads the agency as president and CEO. Michael B. Bonnee gives his experience and expertise to the theatrical division. Both have turned The Brown Modeling Agency into the most respected agency in central Texas for modeling. Justin Brown prides the company with selecting only the best for their business. You can find their models walking runways for Dallas Fashion Week, New York Fashion Week, Miami Swim Week, and Austin Fashion Week.

According to Market wired, Justin Brown has had quite a history in the modeling industry. In 2005, he relocated to Austin from California, New York, and Los Angeles. He enjoys the city and home town feel it has to offer. However, this is where he felt he could truly make his mark. In college, he studied business management and worked at a local modeling agency. Eventually, he landed in the field of “development and placement.” He trained models to act like pros for the agency he worked for. They were either graduated or placed into different jobs. At the age of 35, he is now doing something similar at The Brown Agency.

The Brown Agency supplies fashion models, commercial, and theatrical. Their top talent is posted on their website with portfolios of each. They have a large variety, and even have commercial children to view. Models and talent can also be viewed on various social media platforms, including Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter. Those that are interested in modeling etc., can send in photos and their information via The agency’s cut is roughly 20 percent for modeling, 15 percent for non-union commercial, television, film, or video gigs and 10 percent for union jobs. There are some differences in region, but most are hired in Houston or Dallas.

See more:

For the undocumented people of Arizona, the state is home to over 325,000 people. The Maricopa County area has no assistance for those who are eligible for low income assistance for their legal experitese who are under the risk of being deported. For the immigrants that are living in Arizona, they are forced to go through the legal process without having any type of legal representation.

The JIF project, Justice for Immigrants and their families will help to provide the access to legal representation or assistance finding someone who can help them with their legal problems. Read more: Michael Lacey | Crunchbase

The JIF project is going to help the immigrants who are facing the risk of being deported and give them the training they need for future endeavors in the legal system. They will also help them to obtain the attorney they need through the use of pro-bono cases.

The project will help those to understand and know their rights as well as providing group workshops and access to all of the self-help manuals they need to get the results they want.

It also helps to find other programs that will provide the empowerment and support the immigrants need to get out of situations that could cause their deportment.

The Justice for Immigrants and their families is in the startup phase and is a part of PLAN, Phoenix Legal Action Network, the number of attorneys who help to provide the pro-bono services to the rights of the women, immigrants, religious people who are a minority, and even members of the LGBTQ+ members in the community.

The Justice for Immigrants network is also advocating for the people who are entitled to free speech but are under circumstances where they cannot use it, the rights to vote and also to hold the police accountable for actions they have caused. They are also actively involved with the criminal justice reformation.

Two people who are actively helping other groups and foundations to help others who are at risk of being deported or from being held accountable for something they did not do, the Lacey and Larkin Frontera Fund.

They know about being the center of something that has led to their arrest and holding against a violation of their first amendment. They were caused a lot of emotional strain and emotional damages when they were held against their will for something that they wrote that was done under the free speech civil right.

Learn more about Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin:

Sahm is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Kerrisdale Capital Management. Kerrisdale Capital Management was founded in 2009, and it has its headquarters in New York City. It is a publishing firm on investments. It also deals with value ads. Sahm Adrangi started Kerrisdale Capital with $1 million, and it has grown to $150 million worth of assets.

Sahm has an extensive educational experience. He attended Yale University and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics. After his graduation, he started working at the Deutsche Bank. His services at the bank included carrying out loan debt financing and credit financing. Mr. Sahm Adrangi also served on the Chanin Capital Partners Committee as an advising creditor. The committee of experts advised clients on bankruptcy and restructuring outside the court issues. Mr. Adrangi was also an employee of the Longacre Management for a couple of years.

Sahm is also an author. He has published dozens of researchers and short stories. He has published numerous research papers on companies and industries belonging to the biotechnology sector. He has also published reports on companies in their development phases. These companies include Sage Therapeutics, Zafgen, Pulse Biosciences and Bavarian Nordic among other companies. Kerrisdale Capital Management has also published several papers on the mining sector. It has filed and published mining and mineral valuations of First Majestic Silver and Northern Dynasty Minerals mining companies among others.

Sahm has been active in battling fraud across the world. He exposed fraud activities in Chinese companies in 2011 and 2012. The China-Biotics, China Marine Food, and the Lihua International Company are some of the companies he exposed. Legal actions were taken against the companies, and stakeholders’ money saved thanks to Mr. Adrangi.

The Chief Executive Officer is an active activist. He played a significant role in 2103 in the allocation of funds for Lindsay Corporation’s management and as well as setting policies to govern capital allocation in the same company. He was among the top contenders of the professionals who were to replace the Morgan Hotel Group management team in 2014. Sahm is a speaker and has spoken at numerous conferences both national and international.

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